White walls & green ceilings; creating architectural healing environments
An extensive comparative research on architectural healing environments through the works of Jan Duiker and his Zonnestraal sanatorium, and Alvar Aalto and the Paimio Sanatorium.
“The sanatoria were seen as an instrument to aid the curing process of a patient. In other words; the sanatoria became a leading building type of the functionalist movement, the natural solution to promoting the healthy body. They were built as places where people would be able to receive the optimum amount of sunlight and fresh air, suggesting them being an extremely important part of the healing process of tuberculosis.
Two works which are often described as most optimum ideology of functionalism are the Zonnestraal sanatorium, designed by Jan Duiker, and the Paimio sanatorium, designed by Alvar Aalto. They were respectively completed in 1928 and 1932, during the prime time of functionalist virtues and ideals. As they were both designed for the treatment of tuberculosis, they are the key buildings to discuss when it comes to architecture and its possibilities to aid in a curing process. Because of the differing locations, Zonnestraal in Hilversum, The Netherlands and Paimio in Finland, there ought to be simple differences in climatic solutions but a comparison between the architects’ their conceptual thinking will be explored in order to come to a conclusion. Comparing the organisation, use of colour, function and materials, technology and relation to the surrounding landscape, will show the similarities and differences the architects had while designing the sanatoria. It will show what kind of role architecture can play in healthcare, according to the time and their personal statements. The comparison will search for the layers in which the architecture plays a role in the healing process, whether or not it is an instrument for the medical world to be used.”
CONTINUE READING Architectural History Thesis, Marloes Pieper, 4006194